Auditory Processing Skills and Disorders
Communication Cycle:
Communication is the ability to successfully complete the process of receiving and providing information within a purposeful context. It always requires a transmitter of signals, and also requires a receiver of the signals. The signals have to be in a familiar code that can be interpreted by the receiver. Signals can be obtained from the inanimate or the animate environment. 

Transmitted information can also be implicit or explicit. A sweet aroma coming from the kitchen can convey the message that food is being prepared. It can also convey more specific information about the type of food being made. 
A beeping noise in a car can convey a message that the seat belt is not buckled. This can be further confirmed by looking at the visual display on the dashboard. 
A frown is a non-verbal communication indicating disapproval, or lack of understanding, or a feeling of pain. This can be further confirmed by asking for clarification either verbally or by another non-verbal gesture to inquire, “What is wrong?” 

This two-way process should continue seamlessly until one of the communicators decides to terminate it. Termination can also happen when there is no more information to be transferred back and forth, or when the message transfer has been unsuccessful even after the initial message was altered or modified to suit the ability of the receiver. 

Strong information processing ability is important for communication to continue flawlessly between the transmitter and receiver of the signal. 

Accurate auditory processing skills involves the ability to:
  • Be sensitive and to be aware of the incoming auditory signals 
  • Select appropriate incoming signals and to ignore the unnecessary information
  • Attend to the information we hear over time
  • Analyze information by decoding and discrimination
  • Synthesize the information
  • Attach meaning (auditory association)
  • Organize, sequence, and integrate the information with our store of knowledge (requires long term memory) 
  • Provide an appropriate output/ response
Appropriate feedback mechanisms for self-monitoring and self-regulation skills, develop with practice, experience, and maturity.

Auditory processing disorder can result from weaknesses in:
  • Auditory Decoding
  • Tolerance to external auditory distractions
  • Short-term memory/ Working memory skills
  • Organization of auditory information
  • Integration of auditory information

Treatment promotes a well connected robust system: 
Structured and systematic therapy assists in establishing strong and appropriate connections in the auditory areas of the brain. In addition, therapy also facilitates gradual desensitization to external auditory distractions.
Strong auditory skills are essential to complete the cycle of communication effectively and efficiently
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